ABC 3(D) Approach to HIV, Hepatitis and Other STDs
Overview of the “ABC3(D) Approach to HIV, Hepatitis and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention (ABC3D)” Module
The ABC3(D) Approach to HIV, Hepatitis and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases Prevention (ABC3D) is a 2-3 (1.5 to 2-hours each session) training module that is a candid, but often humorous and insightful, examination of the primary modes of transmission of HIV, hepatitis and other sexually transmitted diseases and effective prevention measures to reduce or eliminate risk of infection. Healthy sexual expression is recognized, discussed and supported. During this component, we strongly encourage trainers to offer voluntary, rapid, confidential, onsite and free or low-cost HIV testing.
The amount of time for the entire module (2-3 sessions) and for each individual session (1.5 to 2-hours each session) is flexible to allow for differences in the interactional patterns facilitators may develop with participants. It is acceptable to include or exclude the third, optional session based on trainer and participant needs. It is also acceptable to have hour long sessions, in which case more sessions will be required.
The ABC3 (D) Module Outline
Session 1: During this session, participants will be asked to examine the widest range of possible ways a person might become infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (more commonly known as “HIV”) which can progress into acquired immune deficiency syndrome (more commonly known as “AIDS”). Participants will also examine how a person might reduce or eliminate their risks of contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases or infections. Participants will also be given information on how a person might access confidential and anonymous testing and counseling for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Session 2: During this session, participants will review the ways in which people may become infected with hepatitis, examine effective ways to reduce a person’s risk for contracting hepatitis and discover how to access confidential and anonymous testing, counseling and immunization. Participants will be invited to engage in two large group discussions: one on the topic of talking to their children about healthy sexual practices, and the other about talking to adult sexual partners about healthy sexual practices.
Session 3 (optional): This session is reserved for role plays and further discussions regarding HIV, hepatitis and other sexually transmitted diseases. If participants are interested in practicing skills to discuss these issues with their children and/or partner(s), then this session may be used to demonstrate these skills. Facilitators and participants can practice role play situations involving refusal skills and how to “get real” about discussing your sexual practices and preferences with your (potential) partner(s). In this session participants may also want facilitators to demonstrate how to properly apply and use a condom for maximum protection.
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